Man and Animal interactions on the Iranian Plateau
Dr. Marjan Mashkour
donderdag 15 Maart 2012
19h00 - Aud A, Blandijnberg
The development of archaeological sciences during these last decades has widely influenced archaeological practices and oriented the research towards broader and more integrated prospects. How archaeozoology has contributed to a better understanding of past societies of the Near East, a region where humans have first domesticated the plants and the animals, will be the focus of this conference. In the introductory part, the animal domestication process in Near and Middle East will be addressed. The core of the talk concerns the presentation of the Neolithisation process on the Iranian Plateau through several examples in different cultural, ecological and geographical zones. The sites that will be presented are Qaleh Rostam in the Middle Zagros, the heart of the Bakhtiari region; Tal-i-Mushki in Fars and Tepe Sang-i-Caxmaq in the North East of Iran. The concluding part of the conference will focus on the importance of the understanding of the man/animal interactions during historical periods that have been underestimated in the history of archaeological research in this part of the world through the example of the new excavations along the Gorgan wall.
Dr. Marjan Mashkour
Marjan Mashkour is an archaeozoologist, specialist of the Middle Eastern fauna. She was graduated at the Sorbonne University in 2001; her PhD thesis is based on the study of the faunal assemblages of the Qazvin Plain. The Iranian Plateau is her main field of research, where she has studied a large set of archaeozoological assemblages from all periods. She also works in the adjacent areas, specially the Southern Turkmenistan and Arabian Peninsula (United Arab Emirates and Oman). Through a diachronic approach to the subsitence economies in this area, she is interested in a better characterisation of the societies the sedentary and nomad societies spread all over these vast territories. M. Mashkour works also on the Neolitisation process on the Iranian Plateau by documenting the local domestication or introduction of major domesticates. In parallel one of her main research themes is the study of mobile pastoralism using biochemestry (stable isotopes).
In 2004 M. Mashkour got a tenure position in the CNRS (French Scientific Research Agency). She is currently a member of the "Archaeozoology, Archaeobotany" Research Unit (UMR 7209) where she is directing one of the teams : "Societies, Animal and Plants in Asia".
She is engaged also for several years in training students, in Iran and in France.